Neurodiversity and Neuroaffirmative

In line with the neurodiversity and neuroaffirmative movements, we would like to draw your attention to alternative approaches to supporting autistic individuals. As a starting point please consider visiting the Therapist Neurodiversity Collective, and The Autistic Advocate. More on this to follow.

Behavioural Principles

Here you'll find a list and basic summary of the articles written on behavioural principles. The articles are written with an Applied Behaviour Analysis orientation.

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Automatic Reinforcement

Snippet: "Automatic reinforcement occurs when a person’s behaviour creates a favourable outcome for that person and no other person was involved in any way (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). You could say that a behaviour maintained..."

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Examples of Negative Reinforcement

Snippet: "John is driving to work when it starts raining. To get the water off his window he turns on his window wipers. After a while the rain stops but he knows that if it starts again all he has to do is turn on his wipers..."

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Functions of Behaviour

Snippet: "A behaviour that a person engages in repeatedly will typically serve some kind of purpose (function) for them (O’Neill, Horner, Albin, Sprague, Storey, & Newton, 1997). Note the word “repeatedly” is used because...."

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Negative Reinforcement

Snippet: “Negative reinforcement occurs when something already present is removed (taken away) as a result of a behaviour and the behaviour that led to this removal will increase in the future because it created a..."

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Positive Reinforcement

Snippet: “Michael (2004, as cited by Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p. 258) states that ‘when a type of behaviour is followed by reinforcement there will be an increased future frequency of that type of behaviour.’ This basically means..."